Keeping an Eye on Your Dog’s Vision

When it comes to your dog’s health, you need to keep a good eye out so you can notice any changes that develop over time to make sure your dog’s eyes are in good shape. Eye conditions can develop suddenly or progress over time. The warning signs can be subtle or obvious. Regularly looking over your dog’s eyes and staying on track with annual checkups with your veterinarian are key.

Things to look for when inspecting your dog’s eyes include:

  • Excessive tears
  • Swelling
  • Gunky discharge
  • Red eyes
  • A closed eye (or eyes)
  • Cloudiness in the eye
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Avoiding light
  • Tear-stained fur
  • Changes in eyelid color or inflammation

Eye conditions to look out for include:

Dry eye: reduced tear production which can cause irritation and discharge

Glaucoma: cloudy cornea caused by pressure in the eyeball

Cataract: opaque lens that can impair vision

Ectropion: the upper eyelid turns outward causing the lower lid to droop

Entropion: the eyelid rolls inward causing discharge and discomfort

Third eyelid prolapse: the third lid underneath becomes swollen and exposed

Retinal atrophy: degeneration of the retina impairing vision

Epiphora: excessive tears leaving stains on the facial fur

Conjunctivitis: red and swollen eye(s) often with discharge

Cherry eye: enlarged tear gland forming a mass on the eye

Scratches and other injuries: debris or contact with the eye can result in a scratch or injury with possible swelling or discharge

Remember to regularly inspect your dog’s eyes and take him to the vet. You can also do some research to find out if your dog’s breed is more susceptible to eye conditions. Ask your vet for more information.